Now that effective treatments for HIV are available, there has been a steady decline in the number of people with HIV-related dementia.
However, between 30% to 60% of people with HIV may get much milder mental symptoms, known as mild neurocognitive disorder (MND), from the virus.
Regardless of your HIV blood results (viral load and CD4 count) you may be at risk of MND. This is because the virus can have a toxic effect on the brain, and unfortunately not all of the drugs used to treat HIV penetrate the brain equally.
MND is NOT dementia, and is potentially very treatable.