This report is the nineteenth annual review of available surveillance data pertaining to the occurrence of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia. It is intended to be a reference document for organisations and individuals interested in the occurrence of these infectious diseases in Australia, drawing together relevant data from many sources into a single comprehensive report. The report is available at Internet address http://www.kirby.unsw.edu.au. The Australian HIV Public Access Dataset, holding records of cases of HIV infection, diagnosed in Australia by 31 December 2014 and reported by 31 March 2015 is also available through the website http://www.kirby.unsw.edu.au.
The main findings of the report are presented as text, supported by figures. The underlying data are available online in tables at http://www.kirby.unsw.edu.au. A methodological summary follows the commentary and figures, along with references to other documents and reports which provide further information.
The accompanying report Bloodborne viral and sexually transmissible infections in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: Surveillance and Evaluation Report 2015 presents a detailed analysis of the occurrence of bloodborne viral and sexually transmissible infections in a format designed to be accessible for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health services and communities. The report is available at Internet address http://www.kirby.unsw.edu.au.
Some of the information regarding risk behaviour which appears in this report is also published, along with further behavioural data, in the report HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis C and Sexually Transmissible Infections in Australia Annual Report of Trends in Behaviour 2014, edited by the Centre in Social Research in Health; and the following reports prepared by the Kirby Institute; Australian NSP Survey 20 Year National Data Report 1995 – 2014 Prevalence of HIV, HCV and injecting and sexual behaviour among NSP attendees 2015; and the National Prison Entrants Bloodborne Virus and Risk Behaviour Survey Report 2004, 2007, 2010 and 2013 Prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV, and risk behaviours among Australian prison entrants.
Unless specifically stated otherwise, all data provided in the report are to the end of 2014, as reported by 31 March 2015. All data in this report are provisional and subject to future revision.
This report could not have been prepared without the collaboration of a large number of organisations involved in health services throughout Australia. The ongoing contribution of all collaborating organisations, listed in the following section, to national surveillance for HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections is gratefully acknowledged.