Today, we have very good evidence to support the protective nature of HIV treatments when taken by people who are at risk of getting HIV.
Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is the term used to describe taking HIV treatments on a daily basis in order to prevent being exposed to HIV in the future. PrEP is currently only available via trials in Australia.
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) is a course of treatment taken by someone after they have had a high risk exposure to HIV. PEP is most commonly sourced from a hospital emergency department and should be started within 72 hours after the incident.
Microbicides are gels used by women to prevent acquiring HIV through vaginal sex. Research is also underway into their effectiveness when applied after sex and as protection during anal sex. Microbicides are currently only available through clinical trials overseas.