HIV prevention

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If we are to end HIV, we all need to take responsibility.

If you are HIV positive, it is important to know how not to pass on HIVFortunately, there are numerous proven tools at our disposal including safe sex, male and female condoms, PEP, PrEP and treatment as prevention. 

If you are HIV negative, you need to be aware of the risks involved in condomless sex, particularly with those who believe they are also HIV negative. A large proportion of new transmissions occur in the early stages of HIV infection before diagnosis. You also need to test regularly.

Also see Sexual health and Sex and relationships.

HIV Prevention - 15 minute roll in the sack

Treatment as prevention

We now have compelling evidence that if you are on treatment with an undetectable viral load it is very unlikely that you can pass on HIV. This is particularly reassuring news for people whose sexual partners are HIV negative. This, plus the fact that treatment offers personal health benefits and...

Condoms and safe sex

Safe sex is any activity that prevents semen, blood, anal mucosa or vaginal fluids from getting into the bloodstream of another person. If you are HIV positive and not on treatment, HIV is usually most detectable in these fluids. Preventing the risk of transmission during anal or vaginal sex is...

PrEP, PEP and microbicides

Today, we have very good evidence to support the protective nature of HIV treatments when taken by people who are at risk of getting HIV. Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is the term used to describe taking HIV treatments on a daily basis in order to prevent being exposed to HIV in the future. PrEP...